Tag Archive: Martin Luther


Listen v5.10 – Quotes

Quote Title Quotation Source
If You Fake It, You Won’t Make It A certain type of religious hypocrisy makes men hide what they feel, but Job has come to the place where he cannot hide it. “I cannot pretend that I am comforted of God,” he says. If only Job could have taken on the pose that he had the comfort of God, his friends would not have challenged him, but he says, “I have no comfort; I do not see God, neither can I talk to Him; all I know is that my creed and former belief must be wrong. I do not know what to accept, but I am certain God will prove that He is just and true and right, and I refuse to tell a lie in order to help Him out.”… It does not follow because a man has lost belief in his beliefs that therefore he has lost faith in God. Many a man has been led to the frontiers of despair by being told he has backslidden, whereas what he has gone through has revealed that his belief in his beliefs is not God. Men have found God by going through hell, and it is the men who have been face to face with these things who can understand what Job went through. Chambers, Oswald: Baffled to Fight Better: Talks on the Book of Job. c1931
ALL-Ways May I be always thanking, always praising, always encouraging, always helping, always giving, always serving, always praying, always interceding, always seeking, always resting, always waiting, always following, always trusting, always depending, always yielding, always surrendering, always sacrificing, always suffering, always dying, always loving that I may be in all ways Christ-like always. Tom Van Hoogen
Help! I’m Fallen and I Can’t Get Up Let me remind you now that modern orthodoxy has made a great blunder in the erroneous assumption that spiritual truths can be intellectually perceived. There have been far-reaching conditions resulting from this concept – and they are showing in our preaching, our praying, our singing, our activity and our thinking. A. W. Tozer – The Counselor, circa 1955, copyright 1993 by Christian Publications
When the Law Came, Sin Abounded It is very strange to the world to teach Christians to learn to be ignorant of the law and to live before God as if there were no law. Yet unless you are ignorant of the law and convinced in your heart that there is now no law nor wrath of God, but altogether grace and mercy for Christ s sake, you cannot be saved, for knowledge of sin comes through the law. Martin Luther – Commentary on Galatians – circa 1520; Crossway Publishing © 1998 by Watermark
A Good Builder Hides His Flaws Well The real trouble with this world of ours is not that it is an unreasonable world, nor that it is a reasonable one. The commonest kind of trouble is that it is nearly reasonable, but not quite. Life is not an illogicality; yet it is a trap for logicians. It looks just a little more mathematical and regular than it is; its exactitude is obvious, but its inexactitude is hidden; it wildness lies in wait. G. K. Chesterton – Orthodoxy, copyright 1908 by Dodd, Mead and Company
Salvation (Our Faith) That Overcomes the World We know that every good gift that God offers to us is given to meet and counter a contrasting evil. He gives us justification because there is condemnation. He gives us eternal life because there is death. He offers us forgiveness because there are sins. He brings us salvation — because of what? Justification is in terms of condemnation, heaven is in terms of health, forgiveness is in relation to sins. Then to what is salvation related? Salvation, we shall see, is related to the kosmos, the world. Watchman Nee – Love Not The World, © 1968 CLC Publications
Examine Yourself In the Way All who are sons of the daylight (1 Thessalonians 5:5) ought always to investigate in the light of the present day what is lacking to them, where they have come from, how far they have progressed, and the degree of progress that they estimate they have gained in each day and hour. William of Saint-Thierry – The Golden Letter; excerpted from The Essential Writings of Christian Mysticism by Bernard McGuinn copyright 2006 by Random House, Inc.
A Strong Penchant for Life As some insects with their antennae feel their surroundings and distinguish between hurtful and useful things, so spiritual people, through their inner senses, avoid dangerous and destructive influences and enjoy God’s sweet and life-giving presence; they are constrained by their blissful experience to bear witness to God. As Tertullian has said: “Whenever the soul comes to itself and attains something of its natural soundness, it speaks of God.” Sadhu Sundar Singh – With and Without Christ – circa 1925; excerpted from Devotional Classics by Foster and Smith © 2005
Self-Powered Tools Won’t Do In order for a soul to be made into a vessel unto God’s honor, “sanctified, and meet for the master to use, and prepared unto every good work,” it must be utterly abandoned to Him, and must lie passive and His hands. Hannah Whitall Smith – The Christian’s Secret of a Happy Life, 1875 © 1998 Barbour Publishing, Inc.
If You’ve Got It, Flaunt It (Humbly) When Christ and His love take possession of our hearts, He gives us this love so that we might bring others to Him. In this way, Christ’s kingdom is extended. Everyone who has the love of Christ and his heart is commissioned to tell others. Andrew Murray – Andrew Murray 365 Day Devotional, © 2006 Whitaker House.
When Self-satisfaction Equals Self-destruction The climax of spiritual tragedy is reached when the prodigal settles happily down in the far country, perfectly at home with his swine and perfectly satisfied with his husks. F. W. Boreham – The Heavenly Octave: A Study of the Beatitudes, Copyright 1936 by F. W. Boreham

Listen v4.52 – Quotes

Quote Title Quotation Source
Each One Fitted Together in Him Faith is the instrument the Holy Spirit uses to organize us into Christ. Tom Van Hoogen
As Filthy Rags I say this so that no one should think we reject or forbid good works. Those who know nothing but the righteousness of the law may still judge this doctrine that is far above the law; yet it is impossible for unspiritual people to be able to judge it. Of course such people take offense, for they can see no higher than the law. But imagine two worlds, the one heavenly and the other earthly. In these there are two kinds of righteousness, quite separate from each other. The righteousness of the law is earthly and has to do with earthly things, and by it we do good works. But as the earth can only produce fruit if it is first watered and made fertile from above, so by the righteousness of the law, in doing many things we do nothing, and in fulfilling the law we do not fulfill it unless we are first made righteous without any merit or work of ours, by Christian righteousness, which has nothing to do with the righteousness of the law or with the earthly and active righteousness. This righteousness is heavenly we receive it from heaven, we do not have it of ourselves; it is worked in us by grace and apprehended by faith, and by it we rise above all laws and works. Martin Luther – Commentary on Galatians – circa 1520; Crossway Publishing © 1998 by Watermark
Let The Internal Judge Bring the Final Verdict Meditation is an intense spiritual activity, it means bringing every bit of the mind into harness and concentrating its powers; it includes both deliberation and reflection. Deliberation means being able to weigh well what we think, conscious all the time that we are deliberating and meditating. My heart consulted in me ( Nehemiah 5:7 , mg) that is exactly the meaning of meditation; also But Mary kept all these things, pondering them in her heart ( Luke 2:19 , rv mg). Oswald Chambers – The Complete Works of Oswald Chambers
It s Not the Earthly but Heavenly that Counts “Every man,” the doctor says, “as he grows into life, finds he must employ such an economy of his own account. He is pressed to occupy positions or to engage in work which will prevent him from achieving the purpose for which nature has fitted him. He is offered promotion which seems attractive and has its advantages; but he declines it, because it would divert him from his chosen aim. Continually men spoil their life by want of concentration. They are greatly tempted to do so, for the public foolishly concludes that, because a man does one thing well, he can do everything well; and he who has written a good history is straightway asked to sit in Parliament, or the man whose scholarship and piety have been conspicuous is offered preferment which calls for the exercise of wholly different qualities.”
And Jesus meets such men on their own ground. He offers a new life. “Ye must be born again”! He says. And the birth within me of the man He means me to be necessarily implies the burial within me of the man I have actually been. The vocabulary of the death-bed and the grave-side was constantly on the lips of Paul. Again and again he told the Christians of Europe and of Asia the story of his own death and burial. Almost all his autobiographical references are obituary notices. He had been crucified with Christ, he would say, and he implored his hearers to reckon themselves as dead and buried too.
F. W. Boreham – The Luggage of Life, 1912, published by Kregel Publications
Knowing Him vs. Knowing About Him Your trouble is that you have got a wrong idea of what knowing God is… the plain matter-of-fact knowledge of God’s nature and character that comes to us by believing what is revealed to us in the Bible concerning Him. The apostle John at the close of his Gospel says, regarding the things he had been recording: “And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of His disciples which are not written in this book: but these are written that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that, believing, ye might have life through his name.” It is believing the thing that is written, not the thing that is inwardly revealed, that is to give life; and the kind of knowing I mean is the knowing that comes from believing the things that are written. Hannah Whitall Smith – The God of All Comfort, circa 1890 – 1956 Edition Moody Publishers
Good and Bad Masters The sinner prides himself on his independence, completely overlooking the fact that he is the weak slave of the sins that rule his members. The man who surrenders to Christ exchanges a cruel slave driver for a kind and gentle Master whose yoke is easy and whose burden is light. A. W. Tozer – The Pursuit of God
The Cavalry from Calvary Who will trust us with the true wealth if we cannot be trusted even with the wealth that perishes? Who will trust me with a spiritual body if I cannot control even an earthly body? These small and perishable bodies we now have were given to us as ponies are given to schoolboys. We must learn to manage: not that we may some day be free of horses altogether but that someday we may ride bareback, confident and rejoicing, those greater mounts, those winged, shining and the world-shaking horses which perhaps even now expect us with impatience, pawing and snorting in the King’s stables. Not that the gallop would be of any value unless it were a gallop with the King; but how else — since He has retained His own charger — should we accompany him? C. S. Lewis – Miracles, copyright 1947, C. S. Lewis Pte. Ltd.will one
How Many Times Have You Taken that Class? But usually we want to drive a bargain with God. We would at least like to suggest some limits that we can add to our sufferings. We don’t realize how we are thwarting the purposes of God when we take this attitude. Because the stubborn clinging to life which makes the cross necessary in the first place, also tends us to reject that cross — at least in part. So we have to go over the same ground again and again. Fenelon – Let Go, circa 1690, copyright 1973 Whitaker House
No One Comes to the Father But by the Son When He was on the earth, the Lord Jesus learned, loved, and obeyed the Word of the Father. If you seek fellowship with Him, you will find Him in his Word. Christ will teach you to commune with the Father through the Word, just as He did on earth. You will learn, like Him, to live solely for the glory of God and the fulfillment of His Word. Andrew Murray – Andrew Murray 365 Day Devotional, © 2006 Whitaker House.

Listen v4.50 Quotes

Quote Title Quotation Source
Spiritual Things Must Be Discerned Spiritually Each word of the Scriptures must be read with the same spirit in which it was written. Thomas aKempis – The Imitation of Christ circa. 1420 © 1999 Bridge-Logos Publishers
Run For the Roses, As Fast As You Can Run in such a way as to get the prize. (1 Corinthians 9:24) Entering the race does not make you a winner only a contestant “to all who received him, to those who believed in His name (e.g. contestants), he gave the right to become children of God (i.e. winners)” Every aspect of your life: physical, soulical, and spiritual has its battle. The physical battle will determine if a man is healthy or diseased. The soulical battle determines whether a man is moral (e.g. rigtheous) or immoral (e.g. unrighteous). The spiritual battle will prove those who are holy and those who are unholy and the prize is none other than eternal life. From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has been forcefully advancing, and forcerful men lay hold of it. Make no mistake you are at war. Tom Van Hoogen
Worldly Attitudes vs. Beattitudes This world has its own idea of blessedness. Blessed is the man who is always right. Blessed is the man who is satisfied with himself. Blessed is the man who is strong. Blessed is the man who rules. Blessed is the man who is rich. Blessed is the man who is popular. Blessed is the man who enjoys life. These are the beatitudes of sight and this present world. It comes with a shock and opens a new realm of thought that not one of these men entered Jesus’ mind when he treated of blessedness.
— Ian Maclaren
F. W. Boreham – The Heavenly Octave: A Study of the Beatitudes, Copyright 1936 by F. W. Boreham
Walking the Thin Line of Christianity Therefore, St. Paul, in this letter, teaches us in order to comfort us and to confirm us in the perfect knowledge of this most Christian and excellent righteousness, for once we lose our belief in justification, all true Christian doctrine is lost. There is no middle ground between righteousness of the law and Christian righteousness. Anyone who strays from Christian righteousness must fall into the righteousness of the law; in other words, when people lose Christ, they slip back into reliance on their own works. Martin Luther – Commentary on Galatians – circa 1520; Crossway Publishing © 1998 by Watermark
Beauty, A Reflection Of Grace All lovely sights tend to keep the soul pure, to lift the heart up to God. The senses filled with the delights and splendor of creation reveal to us hints of His majesty, goodness, and love. What ever is beautiful is of God, and it is only ignorance or a low condition of heart and soul that does not prize what is beautiful. George MacDonald – The Best of George MacDonald © 2006 Cook Communications Ministries.
Vengeance Grows in the Dark While You Sleep Vengeance is the most deeply rooted passion in the human soul, and the impersonation of it is the devil. The devil has an absolute detestation of God, an immortal hatred of God. Satan s sin is at the summit of all sins; our sin is at the base of all sins. If sin has not reached its awful height in us, it may do so unless we let God alter the springs of our heart. Oswald Chambers – The Complete Works of Oswald Chambers
He’s Everywhere, He’s Everywhere The carnal mind sees God in nothing, not even in spiritual things, His Word and ordinances. The spiritual mind sees Him in everything, even in natural things, in looking on the heavens and the earth and all the creatures. — Robert Leighton Charles H. Spurgeon – The Treasury of David abridged by David Otis Fuller, circa 1880, © 1968 by David Otis Fuller, Published by Kregel Publications
Fighting Will Only Make it Worse A cross which comes from God ought to be welcomed without any concern for self. And when you accept your cross this way, even though it is painful, you’ll find that you can bear it in peace. But when you receive your cross unwillingly, you will find it to be doubly severe. The resistance within his harder to bear than the cross itself! But if you recognize the hand of God, and make no opposition to His Will, you will have peace in the midst of affliction. Happy indeed are they who can bear their sufferings with this simple peace and perfect submission to the will of God! Nothing so shortens and soothes suffering as the spirit of non-resistance. Fenelon – Let Go, circa 1690, copyright 1973 Whitaker House
The Word, Divides Soul and Spirit We may say that it is quite customary in the church today to work by psychic means. How often psychological methods are used in ministry meetings to attract people! How psychic ways are engaged in believers meetings to stimulate the audience. By observing the methods used, one can judge what kind of work is being done. Let me say frankly that many sermons can only help people’s souls, but not their spirits. Such messages are merely spoken out of the soul, hence they can only reach man’s soul and afford him a little more mental knowledge. We ought not labor this way, because such work never penetrates into man’s spirit. Watchman Nee – The Latent Power of the Soul, circa 1939, copyright 1972 by Christian Fellowship Publishers, Inc.
Get Your Daily Bread Bread must be eaten daily, and the same is true of God’s Word. This psalmist wrote, “Blessed is the man… [whose] delight is in the law of the Lord; and in his law doth he meditate day and night” (Psalm 1:1-2); “O how love I thy law! It is my meditation all the day” (Psalm 119:97). To secure a strong and powerful spiritual life, an intake of God’s Word every day is indispensable. Andrew Murray – Andrew Murray 365 Day Devotional, © 2006 Whitaker House.

Listen v4.37 Quotes

Quote Title Quotation Source
One Lord, One Faith, One Sacrifice Christ Jesus, Himself man, is the true Mediator, for, inasmuch as He took the “form of a slave,” He became the “Mediator between God and men.” In His character as God, He receives sacrifices in union with the Father, with whom He is one God; yet He chose, in His character as a slave, to be Himself the Sacrifice rather than to receive it, lest any one might take occasion to think that sacrifice could be rendered to a creature. Thus it is that He is both the Priest who offers and the Oblation that is offered. And it was His will that as a sacrament of this reality there should be daily sacrifice of the Church, which, being the Body of Him, her Head, learns to offer itself through Him. This is the true sacrifice of which the ancient sacrifices of the saints were many and manifold symbols. This one sacrifice was prefigured, in a variety of ways, as though one idea were being expressed in many words to drive in the truth without boring the reader. It is the supreme and true sacrifice to which all false sacrifices have given place. St. Augustine – The City of God, circa 400, copyright 1950 by Fathers of the Church
Feeling No Pain Nurture a love to do good things in secret, concealed from the eyes of others, and therefore not highly esteemed because of them. Be content to go without praise, never being troubled when someone has slighted or undervalued you. Remember, no one can undervalue you if you know you are unworthy. Once you know that, no amount of contempt from another person will be able to hurt you. Jeremy Taylor – The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living, circa 1650; excerpted from The Essential Writings of Christian Mysticism by Bernard McGuinn copyright 2006 by Random House, Inc.
He Set the Example When we received forgiveness instead of judgment, we, too, were made ready to forgive our brethren. What God did to us, we then owed to others. The more we received, the more we were able to give; and the more meager our brotherly love, the less were we living by God s mercy and love. Thus God himself taught us to meet one another as God has met us in Christ. Wherefore receive ye one another, as Christ also received us to the glory of God (Rom. 15:7) Dietrich Bonhoeffer – Life Together, circa 1940; excerpted from The Essential Writings of Christian Mysticism by Bernard McGuinn copyright 2006 by Random House, Inc.
Be Not Hearers Only, But Doers What I am going to say is not directly unto edification, but indirectly it is so most certainly. Directly it is rather for that instruction which is a need in our Christian life as essential as edification. We cannot do without either. On the one hand instructions with no idea of edification at all becomes mere academical discourse. It may begin anywhere and it may end anywhere. On the other hand, edification without instruction very soon becomes a feeble and ineffective thing. I think a great many of us would be agreed that part of the poverty and weakness of the Church at present moment is due to the fact that edification has been pursued to the neglect of instruction. We have been a little too prone to dwell upon the simple side of the gospel. P. T. Forsyth – The Work of Christ, Wipf & Stock, 1910
Grazing on the Gaze of God Faith is the gaze of a soul upon a saving God. A. W. Tozer – The Pursuit of God
The Paradox of Truthfulness Over and over again a man is said to be a disbeliever when he is simply outgrowing his creed. It is a most painful thing for a man to find that his stated views of God are not adequate. Never tell a lie for the honour of God; it is an easy thing to do. Oswald Chambers – The Complete Works of Oswald Chambers
Whose Side Are You On? How watchful we need to be lest that at any time we be found helping Satan and the construction of that ill-fated kingdom. When we are faced with alternatives and a choice of ways confront us, the question is not: Is this good or evil? Is this helpful or hurtful? No, the question we must ask ourselves is: Is it of this world, or of God? For since there is only this one conflict in the universe, then whenever two conflicting courses lie open to us, the choice at issue is never a lesser one than: God… or Satan? Watchman Nee – Love Not The World, © 1968 CLC Publications
Unbecoming Motives The origin of our trouble is that we love ourselves with a blind passion that amounts to idolatry. If we love anything beyond ourselves, it is only for our own sakes. We must be undeceived concerning all those generous friendships in which it appears as though we so far forgot ourselves as to think only of the interests of our friend. If the motive of our friendship is not low and gross, it is nevertheless still selfish. Fenelon – Christian Counsel, circa 1690, copyright 2002 Bridge-Logos Publishers
What the World Esteems Highly The quintessence of wisdom among those who are not among God s people is to know and earnestly follow the law and active righteousness. Martin Luther – Commentary on Galatians – circa 1520; Crossway Publishing © 1998 by Watermark
Let Them Go To Free Yourself He only is free whose love for another person is so strong that he can pardon the individuals sin. He alone can pray the prayer, “Forgive us our trespasses,” out of a full and genuine heart. Forgiveness is the only cure for wrong. And hand-in-hand with “sense-of-injury” always walks the weak sister-demon “self-pity,” so dear, so sweet to many. In short, forgiveness is freedom, forgiveness is liberation of the heart, mind, and soul. George MacDonald – The Best of George MacDonald © 2006 Cook Communications Ministries.
Isolated From Self, Not To Self The contemplative is not isolated in himself, but liberated from his external and egotistic self by humility and purity of heart therefore there is no longer any serious obstacle to simple and humble love of other men. The more we are alone with God the more we are with one another. Thomas Merton – New Seeds of Contemplation, ©1961 by the Abbey of Gethsemani, Inc.
Some Things are Better Left Alone When we begin to debate God instead of obey Him we force open a doorway to troubles that need never be opened. Tom Van Hoogen

Listen v4.10 Quotes

Quote Title Quotation Source
My Job Discription My one work is to obey God. Andrew Murray – The Two Convenants, 1898, copyright 2005 CLC Ministries International
Send the Light, O Lord, Send the Light Not understood. We move along asunder;
Our paths grow wider as the seasons creep
Along in years; we marvel and we wonder
Why life is life, and then we fall asleep —
Not understood. 

Not understood. How many breasts are aching
For lack of sympathy. Ah, day by day,
How many cheerless, lonely hearts are breaking,
How many noble spirits pass away —
Not understood.

O God! That men would see a little clearer,
Or judge less harshly when they cannot see!
O God! That men would draw a little nearer
To one another! — they’d be nearer Thee,
And understood.

F. W. Boreham – The Luggage of Life, 1912, published by Kregel Publications
Not Knowing You Know Not It is possible to grow up in the church learn the catechism and have everything done to us that they do to us, within reason. But after we have done all that, we may not know God at all, because God isn’t known by those external things. We are blind and we can’t see, because the things of God no man knows but by the Spirit of God. The Holy Spirit said through the apostle Paul, “even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God” (1Corinthians 2:11). God knows Himself, and the Holy Spirit knows God because the Holy Spirit is God, and no man can know except by the Holy Spirit. For any man to disregard this truth is to entirely shut out spiritual things from his understanding. A. W. Tozer – The Counselor, circa 1955, copyright 1993 by Christian Publications
All Exits and Detours are Blocked I see that every natural means of help is shut off. God intends to accomplish His work in you by cutting off every human resource. He is a jealous God. He wants you to see that what He is going to do within you can only be done by Himself alone. Fenelon – The Seeking Heart, circa 1690, copyright Christian Books Publishing House
What Have You to Lose? Tell me, what possible risk do you take in depending solely upon God? What risk do you run by abandoning yourself completely to Him? The Lord will not deceive you (that is, unless it is to bestow on you more abundance than you ever imagined).
However, those who expect all of these things from the Lord by self-effort will hear the Lord s rebuke: You have wearied yourselves in the multiplicity of your ways, and have not said, Let us rest in peace. (Isa. 57:10).
Jeanne Guyon – Experiencing the Depths of Jesus Christ, circa 1680
The Right Righteousness The church is founded on, and consists in, this doctrine alone. So if we want to teach and lead other people, we need to pay careful attention to these matters and to note well this distinction between the righteousness of the law and the righteousness of Christ… So I warn you, especially those of you who will become teachers and guides of consciences, to exercise yourselves continually by study, reading, meditation on the Word, and prayer, so that in time of temptation you may be able to instruct and strengthen both your own conscience and that of other people, and to bring them from the law to grace, from active and working righteousness to passive and received righteousness, from Moses to Christ. Martin Luther – Commentary on Galatians – circa 1520; Crossway Publishing © 1998 by Watermark
Given a New Name! At last he burst out as he had done earlier, crying, Oh wretched man that I am! What shall I do to be saved? And, as before, so now again, there was no reply. I saw also that he cast hungry eyes this way to the left, and that way to the right, seeking some place to flee for his escape. Yet he continued to stand, trembling, out in the midst of the field, because, as I perceived, he could not tell which way to go. Then, from the right, I saw a man named Evangelist approaching, who addressed him thus, Good day, Christian. Good day, moaned the man woefully. But, pray tell, sir. Why did you address me as Christian? Because if you continue to read from that little book in your hand, a Christian is what you must surely become, said Evangelist with joyful assurance. Hmm. Even though my name is now Graceless ? asked the man doubtfully. Aye, said Evangelist earnestly. Though your name should be called death itself, yet would the reading of that Word give you life! John Bunyan – The New Amplified Pilgrims Progress, circa 1660; Adapted by Jim Pappas, Jr. © 1999 Orion s Gate
The Pride of Unteachableness That is the danger of putting theology first; it leads a man to tell a lie in order to be consistent with his point of view. Oswald Chambers – The Complete Works of Oswald Chambers
Receptivity and Productivity This passage gives the double-sidedness of conversion. As therefore you received Christ Jesus the Lord, so live in him, rooted and built up in him and established in the faith (Col. 2:6-7, rsv). Note, received receptivity; so live activity. It appears again, rooted receptivity; built up in him activity. The rooted means we take from God as the roots take from the soil; the
built up means we build up as one builds a house, a character and life by disciplined effort.
E. Stanley Jones – The Habit of Reading the Bible Daily – circa 1930; excerpted from Devotional Classics by Foster and Smith © 2005
The Trap of Reason Never succumb to the reasonability of common sense — for God’s wisdom is always uncommon and unreasonable, it requires faith in what is not seen. God’s ways are higher than our ways. Tom Van Hoogen
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